Annals of Business Administrative Science

Instructions to Authors


Aims and Scope  1

Journal & Ethics Policies  1

Peer Review Process  5

Copyright, Open Access and Fees  8

Manuscript Submission  9

Manuscript Preparation  10

Accepted Manuscripts  14

Contact 14


Aims and Scope

The Annals of Business Administrative Science (ABAS) is an English-language, Open Access, online journal that communicates the results of business research conducted in Japan to international researchers. Founded in 2002, ABAS is published by the Global Business Research Center (GBRC), a non-profit organization established by the Department of Management, Graduate School of Economics of the University of Tokyo.


ABAS has a distinctive outlook that distinguishes it from other international social science journals. Articles are clear, concise and comprehensible to a broad audience and cover a range of theoretical, empirical and technical approaches to problems in the business sciences. Articles can be innovative in style but must be focused and allow readers to immediately understand the themes and conclusions; they should avoid advanced mathematical and statistical methods.


ABAS is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.


The journal’s rigorous peer review process ensures that important articles are published for the benefit of a large and diverse readership. The journal is listed in many of the major indexing services.

Journal & Ethics Policies

ABAS upholds the highest standards in scholarly publishing. Manuscripts submitted to ABAS must be related to recent studies in business administration and prepared in accordance with the policies described within this document and otherwise at the journal’s website.


Before submitting a manuscript to the journal, authors must ensure that they have read and complied with the journal’s policies. The journal reserves the right to reject without review, or retract, any manuscript that the Editor believes may not comply with these policies.


The responsibilities of the journal’s authors, editors, reviewers and publisher regarding research and publication ethics are described in full below.


Submission to the journal implies that the manuscript has not been previously published (in part or in whole, in any language), is not in press, and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.


Authors must inform the editors if any related manuscripts are under consideration, in press or published elsewhere. The availability of a manuscript on a publicly accessible preprint server does not constitute prior publication (see the Preprints section of these Instructions to Authors).


If authors choose to submit their manuscript elsewhere before a final decision has been made on its suitability for publication in ABAS, they should first withdraw it from ABAS.


This journal does not charge submission charges.


Submission of a manuscript to the journal implies that all authors have approved it, warrant it is factual, have agreed to its submission, and have the right to publish it.


Submission to the journal implies that the manuscript is original work. The journal may use Crossref’s Similarity Check software to screen manuscripts for unoriginal content. By submitting a manuscript to the journal, authors agree to this screening. Any manuscript with an unacceptable level of unoriginal material may be rejected or retracted at the Editors’ discretion. Any relevant previous work must be fully attributed and appropriately cited.


To support the wide dissemination of research, ABAS encourages authors to post their research manuscripts on community-recognized preprint servers, either before or alongside submission to the journal. This policy applies only to the original version of a manuscript that describes primary research. Any version of a manuscript that has been revised in response to reviewers’ comments, accepted for publication or published in the journal should not be posted on a preprint server. Instead, forward links to the published manuscript may be posted on the preprint server.


Authors should retain copyright in their work when posting to a preprint server.


When assessing the novelty of a manuscript submitted to the journal, the editors will not be influenced by other manuscripts that are posted on community-recognized preprint servers after the date of submission to ABAS (or after the date of posting on a preprint server, if the manuscript is submitted to the journal within 4 months).


Submission to the journal implies that all authors have seen and approved the author list. Changes to the author list after manuscript submission – such as the insertion or removal of author names, or a rearrangement of author order – must be approved by all authors and the Editor. Authors should include an Author Contributions section in their manuscript that lists all individuals who participated in the preparation of the manuscript, in the order of the extent of their contributions. For more information, see the Manuscript Preparation section of these Instructions to Authors.


Authors are encouraged to consider the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Recommendations on Defining the Role of Authors and Contributors. The ICMJE recommends that authorship is based on four criteria: making a substantial contribution to the conception or design of the work, or the acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data for the work; drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content; approving the final version of the manuscript for publication; and agreeing to be held accountable for all aspects of the work. Any contributor who has met all four criteria should be an author on the manuscript. Contributors who do not meet all four criteria should not be authors of the manuscript but may be included in the Acknowledgements section instead.

Image integrity

Authors may digitally manipulate or process images, but only if the adjustments are kept to a minimum, are applied to the entire image, meet community standards, and are clearly described in the manuscript. All images in a manuscript must accurately reflect the original data on which they are based. Authors must not move, remove, add or enhance individual parts of an image. The Editors reserve the right to request original, unprocessed images from the authors. Failure to provide requested images may result in a manuscript being rejected or retracted.

Reproducing copyrighted material

If a manuscript includes material that is not under the authors’ own copyright, the authors must obtain permission from the copyright holder(s) to reproduce it.


If a manuscript includes previously published material, the authors must obtain permission from the copyright owners and the publisher of the original work to reproduce it. The authors must cite the original work in their manuscript.


Copies of all reproduction permissions must be included with the manuscript when it is first submitted.

Secondary publication

ABAS aims to ensure the dissemination of knowledge, especially that which is inaccessible to the journal’s broad international audience. In line with ICMJE policies, the journal therefore considers articles that have been previously published in Japanese if the following conditions are met:


·       All authors of the original publication agree to the secondary publication, but understand that acceptance in the journal is not guaranteed.

·       The manuscript undergoes full peer review.

·       Editors from both journals approve of the re-publication.

·       Full copyright permissions, per the section ‘Reproducing copyrighted material’, are supplied upon manuscript submission.

·       A reasonable period of time has elapsed before the publication of the English version, to maintain the priority of the original publication. This time will be decided by the editors of both journals.

·       The journal’s audience is different to the original publication’s audience. Differentiating elements can include that the original publication and the original journal are published wholly in Japanese; the original journal is not in the Science Citation Index Expanded (Clarivate Analytics), Scopus (Elsevier) or other large international database; and the original journal has a restricted distribution (e.g. in print to members of a society only). Authors should contact the Editor-in-Chief for clarification if needed.

·       The secondary publication faithfully reflects the data and interpretations of the original publication.


Secondary publications will include text that indicates they are fully peer-reviewed translations of an original publication. They will contain a statement such as: “Part or all of this article was originally published in Japanese as [citation (20ZZ)]”.

Availability of data and materials

ABAS supports the appropriate sharing and archiving of research data. The journal’s research data policies described herein are based on community standards and resources such as Hrynaszkiewicz et al (2020). Authors must disclose the source of data and materials, such as public repositories, companies or commercial manufacturers, by including accession numbers or company details in their manuscript, as appropriate.


Research data that are not required to verify the results reported in articles are not covered by this policy. In addition, this policy does not require public sharing of quantitative or qualitative data that could identify a research participant, unless participants have consented to data release. The policy also does not require public sharing of other sensitive data, such as those covered by nondisclosure agreements (note that these details must be listed in the Competing Interests section of the manuscript). Alternatives to public sharing of sensitive or restricted data include:

·       deposition of research data in controlled-access repositories

·       anonymization or de-identification of data before public sharing

·       sharing only metadata about the research data

·       stating the procedures for accessing the research data in the manuscript and managing data access requests from other researchers.


Authors may make their own data and materials available in Supplementary Material, or by linking from their manuscript to relevant community-recognized public databases or digital repositories. All data sets must be made available in full to the Editors and reviewers during the peer review process, and must be made publicly available by the date of publication. Authors commit to preserving their data sets for at least 10 years from the date of publication in the journal.


The journal encourages authors to grant reasonable requests from colleagues to share any data, materials and protocols described in their manuscript.

Studies involving human data

Authors of manuscripts describing experiments involving humans or materials derived from humans must demonstrate that the work was carried out in accordance with the principles embodied in the Declaration of Helsinki, its revisions, and any guidelines approved by the authors’ institutions. Where relevant, the authors must include a statement in their manuscript that describes the procedures for obtaining informed consent from participants regarding participation in the research and publication of the research. Authors must protect the confidentiality of any research subjects.

Author competing interests and conflicts of interest

In the interests of transparency, the journal requires all authors to declare any competing interests or conflicts of interest in relation to their submitted manuscript in the ‘Competing Interests’ section of their manuscript. A conflict of interest exists when there are actual, perceived or potential circumstances that could influence an author’s ability to conduct or report research impartially. Potential conflicts include (but are not limited to) competing commercial or financial interests, commercial affiliations, consulting roles, or ownership of stock or equity. In addition, authors must disclose if the subject of a study, e.g. a business or organization, supplied any material or data to any author or their institution.


Authors should list all funding sources for their work in the Acknowledgements section of their manuscript.


The journal maintains the confidentiality of all unpublished manuscripts. By submitting their manuscript to the journal, authors warrant that they will keep all correspondence about their manuscript (from the Editorial Office, Editors and reviewers) strictly confidential.

Self-archiving (Green Open Access) policy

Self-archiving, also known as Green Open Access, enables authors to deposit a copy of their manuscript in an online repository. ABAS encourages authors of original research manuscripts to upload their article to an institutional or public repository immediately after publication in the journal.

Long-term digital archiving

J-STAGE preserves its full digital library, including ABAS, with Portico in a dark archive (see In the event that the material becomes unavailable at J-STAGE, it will be released and made available by Portico.

Peer Review Process

Editorial and peer review process

The journal uses double-blind peer review. All communication is via email with the corresponding author. ABAS aims to complete the peer review process within 1 month.


When a manuscript is submitted to the journal, it is assigned to the Editor-in-Chief or Associate Editor, who performs initial screening. Manuscripts that do not fit the journal’s scope or are not deemed suitable for publication are rejected without review. The remaining manuscripts are assigned to a handling Editor who assigns two reviewers to assess each manuscript. Reviewers are selected based on their expertise, reputation and previous experience as peer reviewers. The deadline for submission of the reviewers’ reports varies by article type.


Upon receipt of the two reviewers’ reports, the Editor makes the first decision on the manuscript. If the decision is to request revision of the manuscript, authors have 3 months to resubmit their revised manuscript. Revised manuscripts submitted after this deadline may be treated as new submissions. The Editor may send revised manuscripts to peer reviewers for their feedback or may use his or her own judgement to assess how closely the authors have followed the Editor’s and the reviewers’ comments on the original manuscript.


The Editor then makes a recommendation to the Editor-in-Chief or Associate Editor on the manuscript’s suitability for publication. The Editor-in-Chief or Associate Editor is responsible for making the final decision on each manuscript.


The members of the Editorial Committee act in advisory roles, providing feedback as reviewers and making suggestions to improve the journal. In cases where the Editor-in-Chief is an author on a manuscript submitted to the journal, a member of the Editorial Committee is responsible for making the final decision on the manuscript’s suitability for publication in the journal.

Reviewer selection, timing and suggestions

Reviewers do not need to belong to the journal’s Editorial Committee. Reviewers are selected based on their expertise in the field, reputation, recommendation by others, and/or previous experience as peer reviewers for the journal.


Reviewers are invited within 1 week of an article being submitted. Reviewers are asked to submit their first review within 2 weeks of accepting the invitation to review. Reviewers who anticipate any delays should inform the Editorial Office as soon as possible.


When submitting a manuscript to the journal, authors may suggest reviewers that they would like included in or excluded from the peer review process. The Editor may consider these suggestions but is under no obligation to follow them. The selection, invitation and assignment of peer reviewers is at the Editor’s sole discretion.

Reviewer reports

It is the journal’s policy to transmit reviewers’ comments to the authors in their original form. However, the journal reserves the right to edit reviewers’ comments, without consulting the reviewers, if they contain offensive language, confidential information or recommendations for publication.

Acceptance criteria

If a manuscript satisfies the journal’s requirements and represents a significant contribution to the published literature, the Editor may recommend acceptance for publication in the journal.


Articles in ABAS must be:

·       within the subject area of the journal’s scope

·       novel and original

·       of high interest to the journal’s international audience

·       important additions to the field.


If a manuscript does not meet the journal’s requirements for acceptance or revision, the Editor may recommend rejection.

Editorial independence

As the journal owner, the GBRC has granted the journal’s Editorial Board complete and sole responsibility for all editorial decisions. The GBRC will not become involved in editorial decisions, except in cases of a fundamental breakdown of process.


Editorial decisions are based only on a manuscript’s scientific merit and are kept completely separate from the journal’s other interests. The authors’ ability to pay any publication charges has no bearing on whether a manuscript is accepted for publication in the journal.


Authors who believe that an editorial decision has been made in error may lodge an appeal with the Editorial Office. Appeals are only considered if the authors provide detailed evidence of a misunderstanding or mistake by a reviewer or editor. Appeals are considered carefully by the Editor-in-Chief, whose decision is final.

Confidentiality in peer review

ABAS maintains the confidentiality of all unpublished manuscripts. Editors will not:

·       disclose a reviewer’s identity, unless the reviewer makes a reasonable request for such disclosure

·       discuss the manuscript or its contents with anyone not directly involved with the manuscript or its peer review

·       use any data or information from the manuscript in their own work or publications

·       use information obtained from the peer review process to provide an advantage to themselves or anyone else, or to disadvantage any individual or organization.

Conflicts of interest in peer review

A conflict of interest exists when there are actual, perceived or potential circumstances that could influence an editor’s ability to act impartially when assessing a manuscript. Such circumstances might include having a personal or professional relationship with an author, working on the same topic or in direct competition with an author, or having a financial stake in the work or its publication.


Members of the journal’s Editorial Board undertake to declare any conflicts of interest when handling manuscripts. An editor who declares a conflict of interest is unassigned from the manuscript in question and is replaced by a new editor.

Errata and retractions

ABAS recognizes the importance of maintaining the integrity of published literature.


A published article that contains an error may be corrected through the publication of an Erratum. Errata describe errors that significantly affect the scientific integrity of a publication, the reputation of the authors, or the journal itself. Authors who wish to correct a published article should contact the Editor who handled their manuscript or the Editorial Office with full details of the error(s) and their requested changes. In cases where co-authors disagree over a correction, the Editor-in-Chief may consult the Editorial Board or external peer reviewers for advice. If an Erratum is published, any dissenting authors will be noted in the text.


A published article that contains invalid or unreliable results or conclusions, has been published elsewhere, or has infringed codes of conduct (covering research or publication ethics) may be retracted. Individuals who believe that a published article should be retracted are encouraged to contact the journal’s Editorial Office with full details of their concerns. The Editor-in-Chief will investigate further and contact the authors of the published article for their response. In cases where co-authors disagree over a retraction, the Editor-in-Chief may consult the Editorial Board or external peer reviewers for advice. If a Retraction is published, any dissenting authors will be noted in the text.


The decision to publish Errata or Retractions is made at the sole discretion of the Editor-in-Chief.

Editors as authors in the journal

Any member of the journal’s Editorial Board, including the Editor-in-Chief, who is an author on a submitted manuscript is excluded from the peer review process and from viewing details about their manuscript.


A manuscript authored by an editor of ABAS is subject to the same high standards of peer review and editorial decision making as any manuscript considered by the journal.

Responding to potential ethical breaches

The journal will respond to allegations of ethical breaches by following its own policies and, where possible, the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Reviewer confidentiality

As part of their responsibilities, reviewers agree to maintain the confidentiality of unpublished manuscripts at all times. By accepting the invitation to review a manuscript, reviewers agree not to:

·       disclose their role in reviewing the manuscript

·       reveal their identity to any of the authors of the manuscript

·       discuss the manuscript or its contents with anyone not directly involved in the review process

·       involve anyone else in the review (for example, a post-doc or PhD student) without first requesting permission from the Editor

·       use any data or information from the manuscript in their own work or publications

·       use information obtained from the peer review process to provide an advantage to themselves or anyone else, or to disadvantage any individual or organization.

Reviewer conflicts of interest

A conflict of interest exists when there are actual, perceived or potential circumstances that could influence a reviewer’s ability to assess a manuscript impartially. Such circumstances might include having a personal or professional relationship with an author, working on the same topic or in direct competition with an author, having a financial stake in the work or its publication, or having seen previous versions of the manuscript.


Editors try to avoid conflicts of interest when inviting reviewers, but it is not always possible to identify potential bias. Reviewers are asked to declare any conflicts of interest to the Editor, who will determine the best course of action.

Copyright, Open Access and Fees

ABAS is fully Open Access and uses a Creative Commons (CC) license, which allow users to use, reuse and build upon the material published in the journal without charge or the need to ask prior permission from the publisher or author. More details on the CC license is below.


Authors are free to post the final PDF version of their ABAS publication to their institutional repository and personal websites, provided that they cite the original source as follows: This article was first published in Annals of Business Administrative Science, [volume], [pages], [DOI].

Copyright and licensing

Authors retain copyright but are required to sign a License to Publish to grant the Global Business Research Center permission to reproduce the work in ABAS under the Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 (Attribution 4.0 International) license. The CC BY 4.0 license permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Some funding bodies require articles funded by them to be published under a specific Creative Commons license. Before submitting your work to the journal, check with the relevant funding bodies to ensure that you comply with any mandates.

Article Processing Charge

There are many costs associated with publishing scholarly journals, such as those of managing peer review, copy editing, typesetting and online hosting. To cover these costs in the absence of journal subscriptions, authors (or their representatives) are asked to pay article processing charges (APCs).


ABAS charges an APC of 150,000 Japanese yen (not including taxes) per manuscript for all article types. Authors of accepted manuscripts will be invoiced for the APC before publication of their manuscript.

Waiver policy

The journal will waive the APC if none of the manuscript’s authors are professionally affiliated with a research organization, or if all authors are from a ‘Least Developed Country’ or ‘Other Low Income Country’ on the OECD’s qualifying country list. Other waivers will be considered on a case-by-case basis by the journal’s Editorial Office. The corresponding author must apply for a waiver to the Editorial Office at before submission of the manuscript. Applications cannot be made after the peer review process has begun.


The ability of an author to pay the APC does not influence editorial decisions. To avoid any possibility of undue influence, editors involved with the decision-making process on submitted manuscripts are not involved in any deliberations on waivers.

Manuscript Submission

All manuscripts must be submitted via email to the Editor-in-Chief via the Editorial Office at Upon initial submission, please provide an MS-WORD (.docx) file that contains the text, tables, figures and any other material. Ensure the subject of the email includes “manuscript submission”. Instructions for revised manuscripts are provided with the first decision letter, if relevant.


Include the following information in the body of the email:

A.    Manuscript title

B.    Author information:

1) author name

2) affiliation and position

3) postal address

4) phone number

5) email address

6) ORCID iD (register here if you do not have one).

Manuscript Preparation

Manuscript types

ABAS aims to provide a forum for article types that provide authors with innovative ways to communicate important information that is in demand by readers. The journal publishes three main manuscript types: Technical Notes, Fact-finding Reports and Conceptual Papers. In addition, the Editorial Board will consider other types of articles on a case-by-case basis. Authors of other manuscript types should contact the Editor-in-Chief with a brief proposal before submission. Manuscripts should be 10-15 journal pages in length.


Technical Notes

Comprehensive reports that comment on, clarify or highlight issues in previously published research from any journal.


Fact-finding Reports

Comprehensive reports that detail the implications and consequences of important and interesting research data.


Conceptual Papers

Articles that present novel or unique overviews by introducing and explaining interesting conceptual models developed by the authors or others.


Authors are required to use the ABAS template file and prepare manuscripts in English according to the instructions herein and in the template. Manuscripts that do not adhere to the instructions will be returned to the authors.

English standard

Manuscripts should be written in clear, grammatically correct English. Authors whose native language is not English are strongly encouraged to have their manuscript checked by a native English speaker or by an editing service prior to submission. If a manuscript is not clear due to poor English, it may be rejected without undergoing peer review.


Each manuscript should be structured with the following sections: Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Discussion, and Conclusion. Manuscripts must also include an Author Contributions statement, Competing Interests statement, and an Acknowledgements section (see below for further details). Upon first submission, the Authorship Contribution Statement, Competing Interests, and Acknowledgements sections must be included on the first page(s); this is to ensure the sanctity of the double-blind review process. The sections are inserted into the manuscript after acceptance and before publication.


The first page of each manuscript should contain, as shown in the template file: Title, Authors’ full names, Affiliations, Keywords, and the name and full address (including telephone number, facsimile number, and email address) of the corresponding author.


The title should describe the content of the article briefly but clearly and is important for search purposes by third-party services. Do not use the same main title with numbered minor titles, even for a series of papers by the same authors. Do not use abbreviations in the title, except those generally used in the field.


Four to five keywords should be provided after the Abstract.

Running title

The running title should not exceed 50 characters, including spaces. It should be inserted into the appropriate place in the template header (odd-numbered pages, except page 1). In addition, author surnames should be included in the header of even-numbered pages.


Footnotes, if any, should be typed in a separate sheet (the second page of the manuscript). Abbreviations should also be listed on this page.


Each abbreviation should be defined in parentheses together with its non-abbreviated term when it first appears in the text (except in the Title and Abstract).


The Abstract should clearly express the basic content of the paper in a single paragraph and should include the problem addressed, main findings, and conclusions. Abstracts must not exceed 250 words for all article types. Avoid using abbreviations. If it is essential to refer to a previous publication, omit the article title (e.g. Maekawa, S., Shintani, S., and Sakai, H. (2015). Business Journal, 14: 10–15).


The Introduction should provide sufficient background information to allow the reader to understand the purpose of the investigation and its relationship with other research in related fields, although it should not include an extensive review of the literature.


The description of the methods should be brief, but it must include sufficient details to allow the work to be repeated.


The Discussion should be concise and should deal with the interpretation of the results. Novel models or hypotheses may be proposed in this section only if they are suggested by the results obtained in the experiments.


The conclusion should be a succinct summary of the work and its main outcomes. Including information about possible future work can be of interest to the readership.

Author contribution statement

Each published article includes an Author Contributions section that concisely describes each author’s roles, using the text supplied on the front page of the initial manuscript submission. Use initials to indicate author identity. All authors must have reviewed, discussed, and agreed to the content of the manuscript.

Competing interests statement

Each published article includes a Competing Interests section that uses the text supplied on the front page of the initial manuscript submission. (Background information is supplied in the ‘Author competing interests and conflicts of interest’ section, above.) Each statement must include the author’s initials; the nature of any financial support; the role in the research, if any, of any person or organization funding the research; any in-kind labor support; and any other potentially conflicting relationships or factors that the authors are aware of. If no competing interests are to be declared, authors should include the statement “The authors declare there are no competing interests”.


This section should be brief and should include a list of all funding sources, including grant numbers, for the work.


The journal uses the Harvard citation style, where citations in the text should be included using the parenthetical style (e.g. Wolchik et al. (2000)).


For the References section, list each source cited in alphabetical order by the first author’s surname. Refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.) for details on style. Examples are listed below


Journal article

Wolchik, S. A., West, S. G., Sander, I. N., Tein, J., Coatsworth, D., Lengua, L., et al. (2000). An experimental evaluation of theory-based mother-child programs for children of divorce. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 843–856.



American Psychological Association (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.


Book chapter

Freud, S. (1953). The method of interpreting dreams: An analysis of a specimen dream. In J. Strachey (Ed. & Trans.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 4, pp. 96–121). Retrieved from (Original work published 1900)


Translated book

Takahashi, N. (1993). Nurumayuteki keiei no kenkyu [A study of lukewarm management]. Tokyo: Toyokeizai (in Japanese).



Adams, R. J. (1973). Building a foundation for evaluation of instruction in higher education and continuing education (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from



Christensen, C. M., Suarez, F. F., & Utterback, J. M. (1996). Strategies for survival in fast-changing industries. (Working Paper, July 16, 97-009). Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School.


Figures should be included after the main text. They should be of high enough resolution for direct reproduction for printing. Note that figures include line drawings, photographs and charts. Magnifications of photographs should be indicated in the legends and/or by scales included in the photographs. Illustrations must be self-explanatory. Figures should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals (e.g. Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc.). Each figure should have a short title. Figure legends should include sufficient experimental details to make the figures intelligible; however, duplicating the descriptions provided in other sections should be avoided.


Indicate in the text where each figure should be inserted. Cite the original source, if any, at the foot of each relevant figure.


Tables should be included after the main text. Number tables consecutively using Arabic numerals (e.g. Table 1, Table 2, etc.). Each table should have a title in capital letters. Explanatory material and footnotes should be typed below the table and should be designated with superscript letters, such as a) or b). Units of measurement should be included with numerical values at the top of columns. Avoid detailed explanations of the experimental conditions used to obtain the data shown in tables (which should be included in other sections as relevant).


Indicate in the text where each table should be inserted. Cite the original source, if any, at the foot of each relevant table.

Supplementary material

Supplementary material adds, but is not essential, to a reader’s understanding of a manuscript. Authors are encouraged to submit supplementary material for online-only publication. Supplementary material may comprise data, text, audio or movie files, and is published online alongside the accepted manuscript.


As supplementary material is peer-reviewed, authors must submit it in its final form as part of their manuscript submission. After a manuscript has been accepted for publication, authors may not make any changes to the supplementary material.

Accepted Manuscripts

Manuscripts that are accepted for publication are copyedited and typeset by the journal’s production team before publication. The journal is published 6 times per year and continuously online as Advance Online Publication. All communication regarding accepted manuscripts is with the corresponding author.


Page proofs are sent to the corresponding author, who should check and return them within 48 hours. Only essential corrections to typesetting errors or omissions are accepted; excessive changes are not permitted at the proofing stage.

Advance Online Publication

When returning the proofs, authors can choose Advance Online Publication (AOP), in which unpaginated articles, in their final form, are published immediately online ahead of the scheduled issue. AOP articles are assigned a Digital Object Identifier (DOI). There are no additional fees for AOP.


When the article appears in the scheduled issue, the DOI remains the same and a link to the AOP version appears on the article page. As AOP articles are in their final form, any corrections must be made via Errata.


To contact the Editorial Office or the Editor-in-Chief, please write to:


ABAS Editorial Office

MERC, University of Tokyo

Kojima Hall

Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo




Phone: +81 50 3825 0915



Updated: 8 December 2020